Air conditioning is quite a convenience these days. You can keep your interiors warm in winters and cool in summers. And just in case there is a fault, you might sweat and fume like a pressure cooker! Good news, these faults are repairable or replaceable. Unfortunately, the air conditioning of our planet is not. Am I talking about global warming? Yes, obviously.
Over the past few years, many regions and countries have seen a rise in the average temperature. This rapid change is known as global warming in layman’s language. Forests are burning, and the wildlife is turning to ashes. Moreover, glaciers are melting, which is causing the sea levels to rise at an alarming pace. Now, if this doesn’t scare you, I don’t know what will!
Scientists have claimed that this trend isn’t natural, and there is far more to comprehend, as the greenhouse effect. Let me explain. When pollutants like carbon dioxide and methane are released in the atmosphere, they stay in there for centuries. Not only that, but these pollutants trap sunlight and solar radiation, which causes the planet to get warmer.
Frequent heat waves, which are an effect of climate change, have become a serious concern. These have caused thousands of deaths in recent years. You may think that you have a lot of time to curb global warming. Let me burst your bubble! If you do not start now, you may never be able to give your generations a secure future.
So, in this blog, I shall give you an insight into global warming. Besides, you will also know some of its effects and how you can contribute to preventing it. Let’s dive in.
What is global warming?
According to researchgate, global warming is a burning issue all over the world. It is defined as the rise in the Earth’s average temperature. This increase in temperature is the main reason behind the extreme change in weather conditions, rainfall, and the arrival of seasons.
Since the pre-industrial period, human activities have led to an increase in the Earth’s average temperature by around a degree Celcius. This number, however, is increasing by 0.2 degrees Celsius per decade. The effects of global warming collectively are known as climate change.
Causes of global warming
As you already know, global warming is caused by the emission of pollutants like methane, carbon dioxide, and nitrous oxide. But do you know what process involves the release of these pollutants in the atmosphere? Let’s take a look.
The starting point of greenhouse gas emissions is the burning of fossil fuels. Humans burn fossil fuels in order to sustain a comfortable life. However, little do you know that our planet has to pay the price for your comfortable life.
Here are the major categories of activities that require the burning of fossil fuels.
Usage of fossil fuel while cooking and heating contributes to the emission of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Apart from that, improper waste management and wastage of water can also cause a rise in the Earth’s temperature. These sectors release both direct and indirect emissions, which cause global warming. While the above-mentioned points are an example of direct emission, indirect emission refers to the improper use of electricity at home and offices.
From burning fossil fuels for cars to planes, transportation is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions. You may not notice, but you may unknowingly play a major part in global warming by using fossil fuel for your vehicle. It contributes to around 28.9 percent of all 2017 greenhouse gas emissions.
Plants absorb carbon dioxide and make the air better to breathe for humans and other living beings. However, the rise in industrialization is leading to the clearance of forests by cutting down trees, which is also known as deforestation. This also contributes to a rise in global warming.
Production of electricity
Most of the electricity that we use today comes from the burning of fossil fuels like natural gas, coal, and oil. It is the second-highest cause of emission of greenhouse gas in the atmosphere.
What are the effects of global warming?
Global warming effects aren’t just related to the rise in the temperature. There are several other changes that are proof that global warming is real and needs your utmost attention. These changes have much more devastating consequences on the planet.
Take a look at the different effects of global warming below.
Extreme weather conditions
While our planet has seen a rise in the average temperature, many regions and countries are experiencing colder winters than normal. It is mainly because climate change can cause the polar jet stream to migrate south. Therefore, various regions have a colder-than-normal winter even when the summer season is extremely hot.
Scientists project that global warming may also give way to intense and destructive hurricanes. In addition to that, heatwaves, droughts, rainstorms, and blizzards, which are all caused by global warming, may occur more frequently.
One of the major effects of global warming is ice melt. There is 10% less permanently frozen ground in the Northern Hemisphere since the early 1900s. It can be a major cause of landslides and land collapse. Not only that, but it may also release microbes that have been buried for decades. In addition, global warming is also reducing Arctic sea ice.
Rise in sea level
Ice melts cause a rise in sea levels. The global sea levels have increased up to 8-inches since 1870, and this rate may accelerate in the years to come. Moreover, this can impact those people living near the coastal areas.
The increase in the level of carbon dioxide isn’t just limited to the air. Oceans are also absorbing CO2, which is turning the water acidic. It may prove fatal for the organisms living underwater.
Since global warming is giving rise to droughts, heatwaves, and other weather conditions, agriculture may receive a serious blow. These may cause serious crop failure and a shortage of livestock globally. Also, the rise in the level of carbon dioxide may affect plant growth, making them less nutritious.
The shortage of food globally can ultimately lead to famine and food riot creating political instability.
How can you prevent it from home?
As humans, we may have contributed to global warming knowingly or unknowingly. However, there are certain measures that you can take a right from your home. These measures can easily prevent the emission of greenhouse effects. In turn, you can prevent the rise in global warming.
Here are some of the things that you can do.
Use eco-friendly products
Parting is a great way to build your social circle. However, it is also one of the ways to pollute the planet. Therefore, when you have a large gathering at your house, make use of eco-friendly products. It includes biodegradable plates and cups. Not only will you save water during the clean-uo, but you will also contribute to the planet.
Use renewable energy
Using electricity that is generated by wind and solar energy will help you make a drastic change. Install solar panels and windmills, which will help you save on electricity bills as well. In addition to that, you can also invest in appliances that are energy-efficient. It will help in keeping carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. While looking for appliances like fridge and washing machines, look for energy star labels.
Reduce water wastage
The use of energy required to heat, pump, and treat water induces the emission of greenhouse gases. Therefore, saving water will ultimately reduce carbon pollution and prevent global warming. Do not take showers, instead use a bucket and mug. While brushing your teeth or washing your face, turn the tap off. Collect rainwater to water the plants at your home.
Avoid food waste
It takes a lot of resources to grow food. Therefore, it becomes super essential to utilize these resources properly. Do not buy perishable food that you will not consume in the coming days. Apart from that, if you have leftover food at home and do not plan on eating it, give it to someone in need. In addition to that, consuming organic food will also make a difference.
Prefer using a bike
People don’t mind driving to the supermarket even when it is at a walkable distance. It ultimately contributes to global warming and pollutes the atmosphere. Therefore, use a bike whenever you can. Not only will you help our planet, but it will also help you become more fit. Apart from that, you can also invest in a fuel-efficient vehicle.
Global warming is a serious concern
It is making our planet weaker day by day. Therefore, the only way we can ensure Earth’s bright future is by contributing whenever possible. This blog has all the necessary information regarding global warming. I hope we can put our efforts to make this planet a better place to live and enjoy an eco-friendly lifestyle!